布法羅河恢複 - 常見問題解答


Download the FAQ Report in PDF format here.

誰在清理工作?

The Buffalo River Restoration Partnership, also known as the Great Lakes Legacy Act Project Coordination Team, is working on the cleanup of the contaminated sediment in the Buffalo River. The partnership includes the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Great Lakes National Program Office, the USEPA Region 2, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Honeywell, Buffalo Niagara Waterkeeper, the New York Department of Environmental Conservation, the City of Buffalo, and Erie County.

What is the timeframe of the cleanup?

計劃發生在兩階段的河流。Phase I dredging is fully funded and began in August 2011 and will continue through November 2011. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is taking the lead on the dredging of the federal navigation channel (or center of the river) in 2011, which is being funded by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative. Phase II of the project is under remedial design, with a proposed start date in 2012. Phase II is the cleanup of contaminated sediments outside of the navigational channel, including side slopes. Phase II dredging will be lead by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office under the Great Lakes Legacy Act and take approximately two years (through 2013), which will include habitat restoration.

誰在付出清理?

由於北美工業化的“遺產”,沉積物持續存在大量的汙染。為了幫助加速沉積物的恢複,偉大的湖泊恢複倡議(GLRI)資金清理活動。GLRI通過美國環境保護局偉大的湖泊國家計劃辦公室進行管理和分發。該項目的階段是通過美國軍隊的工程師運營和維護資金的組合和Glri的組合資助。關於第二階段,美國環境保護局根據偉大的湖泊遺留法案,以與非聯邦提案國(國家,地方,非營利性或行業)的成本份額達成協議,以資助清理活動。迄今為止的非聯邦讚助商霍尼韋ld乐动体育官方网站爾和水牛尼亞加拉·沃爾佩斯衛生員在過去三年中,在補救調查/可行性研究和補救設計過程中一直是積極的合作夥伴,我們正在積極尋求各種河流產業和私營公司的參與。

Is the funding for all phases of dredging secure?

疏浚階段我正在進行和完全資助。第二階段補救設計的資金是安全的。在2011年後,預計將在較大的湖泊遺留法案中申請申請

在研究中花了多少,這個項目實際上會被實施嗎?

到目前為止已經花了超過600萬美元Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study and Remedial Design. There are no guarantees that Phase II dredging will be implemented, however the Buffalo River Restoration Partnership is committed to the restoration of the Buffalo River. Significant personnel time and resources has been dedicated to the effort for more than seven years.

該項目如何與美國軍隊的工程師的過去疏浚項目進行比較?

過去的工程師的工程兵團疏浚水牛港的項目一般都處於較小的規模(約100,000立方碼,通常隻需要幾周時間)。I級疏浚正在取出大量更大體積的沉積物(約60萬立方碼),並且需要比過去的疏浚項目(每周24小時,每周7天從2011年11月到2011年11月到2011年11月的每周24小時,每天24小時,需要更長的時間。此外,該項目是水牛河恢複夥伴關係的合作夥伴合作,包括第二階段(約60萬立方碼),將由美國環境保護局管理。項目清理總量將移除約1,200,000立方碼。標準轉儲卡車體積約為10立方碼,這意味著在該項目中除去的沉積物總量將填充大約120,000個自卸卡車。

Will dredging impact recreation on the river?

鼓勵河流用戶與水牛河恢複夥伴關係(BRRP)保持持續的溝通,因此雙方可通知2011年,2012年和2013年在河上或沿河上或沿河流的活動。我們將盡力滿足活動如果是我們的手段,在河上。BRRP正在努力建立實時公共信息,因此河流用戶知道在項目的生命期間將在疏浚操作何時何地進行。鼓勵有問題或疑慮的河流用戶在716-852-7483 EXT與BRRP聯係。21(Jill Jedlicka的排隊來自Buffalo Nld乐动体育官方网站iagara Waterkeepl),並谘詢了對水手的適用通知。對於特定於第一階段的問題,River用戶可以在716-879-4410聯係美國陸軍工程師。

將疏浚影響魚群嗎?水牛河是否會重新存貨?

雖然我們預計漁民最初會受到負麵影響,但這河流恢複努力的主要部分是在疏浚作業後恢複棲息地。這將導致漁業健康和人口長期淨利潤。過去已經嚐試過馬利對的努力,但由於棲息地條件差,有嚴重的死亡率和庫存努力失敗了。一旦棲息地重新建立並支持各種魚種,可能會考慮未來的庫存。

飲用水將疏浚而受到影響?

美國軍隊的工程兵團2010年期間的環境評估表明,預計將對水和下水設施的項目沒有產生不利影響,疏浚不應該對飲用水產生任何不利影響。I級沉積物的評價包括在內對水牛港,GLRI的發現沒有重大影響和環境評估(U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2010). The evaluation of the Phase II sediment will be included in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Environmental Assessment. The City of Buffalo is constantly monitoring intakes to ensure high quality drinking water. Multiple controls are in place to ensure protection of drinking water throughout phases I and II. Although dredging causes a short-term disruption of sediment in the river, this project will use four primary methods to limit this occurrence. First, the dredging will occur at a slow, controlled pace. Second, a closed clamshell bucket will be used to dig the sediment; compared to other buckets, it has a smoother, tighter close. Third, barges will be prohibited from overflowing excess water into the river. Finally, dredging will not occur during exceedingly high river flow events. More information regarding the Erie County Water Authority drinking water collection, treatment, and testing may be found這裏。

將表麵水疏浚影響嗎?

Although there will be temporary resuspension of sediment at the dredging site, analyses by the Corps indicates degradation is not expected in the quality of the surface water. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers conducted modeling to evaluate the impacts of Phase I dredging and did not identify long-term impacts to surface water quality. They are currently conducting similar modeling for Phase II. The results of their modeling will be used to identify if additional engineering controls will be needed during dredging to minimize short-term water quality impacts. Sediment sampling was performed to provide an estimate of the contaminant concentrations in the surface sediment both before and after dredging. The existing surface concentrations were used to identify the areas to be dredged. The environmental dredging in these areas will continue until the criteria in sediment quality guidelines have been achieved. The 2010 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Environmental Assessment (see Q9) recommends that in areas of the Ship Canal with the potential to release higher concentrations of soluble copper, that under the best of conditions the dredge production rate should be restricted to about 3000 cubic yards per day. Care would be taken to minimize the disturbance of the sediment bed by minimizing the number of lifts used to achieve the desired channel depth. In addition, barge overflow and bucket draining would be avoided. These measures will help to minimize the release of copper to the water column during dredging. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Engineer Research and Development Center has conducted similar evaluations for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Great Lakes National Program Office to ascertain what, if any, specific measures need to be implemented to ensure that Phase II dredging is also performed to reduce the potential for contaminant releases to the water column. This evaluation is pending and scheduled to be completed in 2011.

After dredging is done, what is planned to improve water quality?

我們目前正在為河流的棲息地恢複階段完成設計。所有六項擬議項目都將設計以試圖增加河段的溶解氧,從而提高河流水質。此外,私人海岸線業主正在實施更好的風暴水管理,可以提供額外的生態利益。

Buffalo River is at the receiving end of a large watershed. Once the contaminated sediment is removed, what will keep the river from again filling with contaminated sediment from the watershed?

Comprehensive chemical analyses within the river and the upper tributaries have shown that sediment being carried downstream is much cleaner than the historical sediment currently below the surface of the Buffalo River.

After the dredging, will the sediment be clean enough for other beneficial uses?

是的。努力的指導原則之一是恢複河流足以讓汙染物水平降低到允許沉積物的有益用途的點。。水牛河恢複夥伴關係希望看到未來的“有益的重複使用”的清潔,疏浚沉積物,為區域棲息地和河流修複。可能的有益再使用機會包括使用疏浚沉積物,用於高地目的,水中恢複或填充,而不是在CDF或垃圾填埋場中占據沉積物並占用空間。

Is placement of dredged sediment from Phase I and II in the Confined Disposal Facility (CDF) safe?

Yes, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has determined that placement in the CDF is and will be protective of human health and the environment. All dredged sediment will be placed in the existing U.S. Army Corps of Engineers CDF 4 located in the Outer Buffalo Harbor adjacent to the Buffalo Harbor South Entrance Channel. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Engineer Research and Development Center performed two separate evaluations of the various tests of the sediment to be dredged under Phases I and II. The conclusions of these evaluations indicate that internal concentrations of contaminated pore water or carrier water will not cause lake contamination. Also, additional and ongoing upgrades have been made to ensure integrity of CDF walls.

How does the dredged sediment in Phase I differ from other material in the Confined Disposal Facility (CDF)?

在I相和II期下脫落的沉積物已經徹底測試和評估。在i階段I下脫落的沉積物來自導航通道內,並且與從水牛港聯邦航行通道的沉積物常規疏浚的沉積物相當或略微汙染。計劃升級到該CDF的周邊於2010年在執行疏浚和助理處置行動之前完成。具體而言,最近升級到CDF牆壁將增加沉積物升降的沉積物流體從沉降沉降中汲取的脫水和隨後的脫水。CDF可以安全,充分適應這種疏浚沉積物。

狹窄的處置設施(CDF)會有持續的水質監測嗎?

局限局I的限製處置設施(CDF)未計劃水質監測。堤防牆外的測量水質通常不會對CDF有關的艾利水質的不利影響,因為可能有多種汙染來源那個湖。CDF專門設計用於將汙染的沉積物與相鄰的陸地和水隔離,同時允許安全釋放過量水(流出物)。通過堤防牆體釋放流出物(在疏浚沉積物放置之前)通過實驗室測試和建模,以無毒,符合適用的水質標準。這些預測評估的結果決定了CDF可以安全地能夠充分適應疏浚沉積物。考慮的主要因素包括CDF中的沉積物汙染和汙染物分配,可用體積和停留時間,以及CDF中的汙染物稀釋。在I階段I或II期期間,沒有廢水將通過CDF的溢流堰排出。

Will there be ongoing water quality monitoring during dredging operations? Who will perform the monitoring and who will pay for it?

Water quality monitoring is not planned for Phase I. Prior to dredging, impacts to the water column due to sediment resuspension, including suspended solids and contaminant concentrations, are assessed through predictive lab tests and modeling. Modeling is based on sediment contaminant concentrations, partitioning parameters and geotechnical properties. Results are compared to federal water quality criteria established for the protection of aquatic life to ascertain the potential for adverse risk. The 2010 Environmental Assessment (see Q9) for Phase I indicates there is the potential for short-term risks to aquatic life from water column impacts during dredging. Methods to reduce short-term risk are described in Q7. Short-term adverse affects must be compared to the long-term improvements in overall water quality resulting from to the permanent removal of contaminated sediments from the aquatic system. Water quality monitoring is planned for Phase II and will be incorporated into the project cost. Final construction monitoring requirements will be worked out by the state and federal regulatory agencies during the project permitting process. Responsibilities for monitoring activities will be determined during design and contracting activities.

Will there be long-term monitoring of the river after dredging is completed?

階段I沒有計劃長期監測。對於第二階段,目前正在製定疏浚後期(3-5歲)的長期監測計劃作為補救設計的一部分。水牛河補救措施計劃還將製定延長的長期監測協議(> 5年),並將在最終確定一次公眾審查。根據每個計劃的具體目標,可以對以下一個或多個措施進行監測 - 沉積物化學/毒性,水質,棲息地質量,魚類組織濃度和底棲群落。

計劃用河流提醒居民,兒童和風險群體的居民,兒童和風險群體何種類型的外展/教育?

水牛河恢複夥伴關係(BRRP)目前正在實施一個公開的外展計劃,將持續該項目的生命。BRRP致力於將當地居民保留為盡可能通知,並將使用客戶揚聲器,社交媒體,標牌,網站,媒體訪談,一對一會議,禮貌電話等多種工具等。如果社區現在令人擔憂鼓勵他們在716-852-7483 EXT與BRRP聯係。21(Jill Jedlicka的Buffalo Niagald乐动体育官方网站ra Waterkeeper)。

Who can I call or report to if there are problems during the dredge operations?

對於特定於第一階段的問題,River用戶可以在716-879-4410聯係美國陸軍工程師。For general project questions, contact the Buffalo River Restoration Partnership at 716-852-7483 ext. 21 (Jill Jedlicka’s line from Buffalo Niagara Waterkeeper).

公共反饋是否實際上會影響最終恢複的結果?

是的。公共反饋可能會影響棲息地修複站點的範圍(擴展擬議的網站或替代網站的實施)。具有成本份額的可能性,可以擴大II期的疏浚足跡,以滿足業主的需求。可以修改II階段中操作的調度,以避免主要河流事件或其他不可預見的問題,如果它在我們的手段中。

海岸線業主可以與水牛河恢複合作夥伴關係(BRRP)討論成本份額或海岸線改進的選擇嗎?

是的。BRRP已在2011年和2012年繼續與個人海岸地產所有者會麵,以確定和解決關於海岸線穩定和改進或恢複成本份額的擔憂。如果BRRP尚未接近,請在716-852-7483 EXT聯係我們。21(Jill Jedlicka的Buffalo Niagald乐动体育官方网站ra Waterkeeper)。

疏浚計劃在側麵坡上的城市船舶運河,這將如何影響碼頭操作?

The Buffalo River Restoration Partnership is in close contact with various shoreline property owners including the operators of the marinas. We are working with the owners on the dredging schedule to minimize impact on the slip owners’ usage of the river. Due to the magnitude of sediment to be removed, we cannot guarantee whether there will be restrictions or impacts on the access to slips at certain times of the year.

疏浚會受到河裏大量的垃圾(ex。汽車)的影響嗎?布法羅警察局在史密斯聖路德潛水呢?

Urban rivers often contain large amounts of debris and experienced dredging contractors are accustomed to dealing with this. The dredges and supporting equipment used is sufficient for clearing large debris and properly disposing of it. The Buffalo River Restoration Partnership will continue to communicate and coordinate with police as we move through remedial design and construction.

棲息地恢複是否會考慮侵入性物種?

任何棲息地恢複規劃和設計都將考慮侵入物種的潛在影響。所有棲息地恢複實施將作為項目的一部分納入侵入性物種管理。

這個項目是否與下水道溢出修複有關?如果是這樣,怎麼樣?

從曆史上看,合並的下水道溢出(CSO)將化學投入貢獻到水牛河中。然而,今天,隨著紐約州的國家汙染物排放消除製度方案,環境法,更好的廢水處理,通過CSO的工業化學品釋放預計對沉積物質量的影響可忽略不計。從水牛河中除去的沉積物大多是曆史,並且發生在深度深度,表明在下水道中沒有更大的化學投入進入河流。布法羅下水道權威是在布法羅的CSOS最終確定長期控製計劃的過程中。該過程與該項目分開,也有望帶來水質改善,與細菌汙染有關。

There are several sites that are very environmentally hazardous along the banks. Have you identified them all and fixed them so they don’t leak back into the river?

Over the years many hazardous waste disposal sites along the Buffalo River have been identified and either are being addressed through New York State’s cleanup programs or already have been remediated. These sites include Sovereign Specialty Chemicals, Steelfields (Former Republic Steel and Former Donner-Hanna Coke), Buffalo Color, and Exxon Mobil. Remedial actions at these sites were designed to remove, treat, or contain contamination and to prevent the migration of residual contaminants to the river. In the future, as information becomes available, the New York Department of Environmental Conservation (NYDEC) will continue investigations to ensure upland sites do not impair the Buffalo River. For more information click這裏。Nydec的Brownfield清潔也恢複了河流的海濱。例如,布法羅市現在正在考慮發展河濱的建議,該建議將在州補救課程下進行清理的Steelfields網站,進入混合使用社區提供輕型工業,商業,住宅和娛樂機會。有關更多信息,請單擊這裏

為什麼我們不應該讓河流回到自然流,曾經是並學會適應洪水?

國會製定美國軍隊的工程師,以維持聯邦航行渠道,隻有國會可以改變它。聯邦政府應急管理機構(FEMA)也將參與任何允許河流重新連接到其天然洪泛區的決定。由於數百家的家庭和數千個居民受到這種決定的影響,河流的恢複是由國會授權的深度指導。

在伊利諾伊州 - 印第安納海運授予的幫助下編寫了水牛河常見問題。

Baidu
map