水牛River Ecological Restoration Master Plan

The Great Lakes National Program Office (GLNPO) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has initiated the development of an Ecological Restoration Master Plan (ERMP) for the Buffalo River. The Buffalo River ERMP is a visionary, stakeholder driven plan that incorporates regional needs with ecological protection and restoration opportunities.

項目背景:


紐約西部的水牛河在該地區經濟中發揮了至關重要的作用,以多世紀。然而,產業化和生長河流社區的壓力已經在河流生態係統上造成了損失。在1980年代,布法羅河被指定為一個偉大的湖泊Area of Concern (AOC)。Although discharges from the oil refineries, steel mills, and chemical plants that occupy its shores have declined over the last several decades, the impacts of pollution and degraded habitats remain. The primary issues affecting the Buffalo River today are impaired water quality, contaminated bottom sediments, inactive hazardous waste sites, point and nonpoint source pollution, combined sewer overflows, and fish and wildlife habitat loss and degradation.

EPA定義了生態恢複作為協助恢複已經退化,損壞或銷毀的生態係統的過程。布法羅河厄爾普普代表了對生態健康和多樣性建立的未來的願景,並由社區優先事項指導,這可能包括經濟振興,娛樂機會,土地開發或綠地空間保存。

在2010年6月的項目啟動會議期間,利益攸關方為建立了一個使命宣言:

確定,優先級,並促進機會恢複,保護和加強水牛河棲息地走廊內的生境及其對健康和可持續生態係統的支流,這些生態係統將受益,棲息地,野生動物,走廊社區和後代。

A combination of Federal and non-Federal entities have contributed to developing in-depth understandings of the Buffalo River Project Area. The Federal agencies include the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)偉大的湖泊國家計劃辦公室(GLNPO)地區2,而且US Army Corps of Engineers(USACE)布法羅區。一些非聯邦機構和團體包括水牛尼亞加拉潛水員(非聯邦項目讚助商),ld乐动体育官方网站紐約Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC),布法羅市,布法羅州學院(偉大的湖泊中心),水牛Sewer Authority,而且Western New York Stormwater Coalition

水牛RiverERMP目標:

The primary goals of the Buffalo River ERMP are to:

  1. 保護水牛河及其支流中的水和棲息地質量,以及
  2. Assist efforts to eliminate three habitat-related有益的使用損傷(Buis)
    • Degradation of benthos (plants and animals that inhabit the bottom of the river),
    • Loss of fish and wildlife habitat, and
    • 魚類和野生動物種群的退化

該計劃:該計劃將如何滿足這些目標?

通過整個項目區域的利益相關者的輸入,ERMP將識別和定義可以采取的行動選定的恢複站點to restore ecological function and habitat. Stakeholder participation will be an essential part of developing the plan. Stakeholders include the interested businesses, organizations, agencies, municipalities, and individuals that live and work in the Buffalo River project area. Stakeholder input regarding what restoration should “look like” within the project area will guide the process of identifying restoration targets.

Project Area:

布法羅河位於紐約西部,從東部流入伊利湖伊利湖,靠近尼亞加拉河的負責人。雖然水牛河被列為AOC,但仍然需要考慮較大流域對AOC的影響。因此,ERMP項目區域(參見地圖)已被定義為從伊利湖上遊的水牛河到三個主要支流中的每一個捕魚運動的第一屆圓形不可忽視的障礙:Cayuga Creek,Buffalo Creek和Cazenovia Creek(約37.2河裏程和大約43,800英畝)。這些支流被認為是可能導致水牛河的曆史和目前條件的貢獻。項目區包括洪泛區,濕地和河流毗鄰的開放空間的其他重要的橫斷麵。出於提供每個水道的附近內的當前條件的目的,已經開發了“焦點區域”,其包括距離每個水路中間的大約1000英尺到內陸包裹。ERMP焦點麵積約為4,702英畝,或約占整個水牛河流域的約18%。焦點區域包括在河流和小溪通道(1000英尺走廊)的兩側包括500英尺的緩衝器,用於表征現有的生態文化資源。

水牛River AOC:

In 1987, the International Joint Commission identified the lower 6.2 miles of the Buffalo River as one of 43 “Areas of Concern” or AOCs. These hotspots represent the most severely degraded ecosystems in the Great Lakes basin. Under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA), this designation required the development of a補救行動計劃,或說唱。1989年,紐約州環境保護部(NYSDEC)於水牛河公民委員會的援助完成了RAP。RAP的原始目標是根據恢複水牛河生態係統的化學,身體和生物完整性glwqa.

Between 1989 and 2003, NYSDEC issued six annual reports tracking the progress of the Buffalo River AOC. In 2003, GLNPO selected Friends of the Buffalo River to take over as the RAP coordinator of the Buffalo River AOC. In 2005, Friends of the Buffalo River became the Buffalo Niagara Riverkeeper. The most recent status report on the Buffalo River AOC was published in 2008. The Buffalo River ERMP project area includes the Buffalo River AOC.

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